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freebsd_ports [2013/07/11 14:24] (current)
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 +====== FreeBSD Ports ======
  
 +  * [[FreeBSD]]
 +  * [[FreeBSD Knobs]]
 +  * [[FreeBSD Packages]]
 +  * [[FreeBSD Ports Upgrades]]
 +
 +  * [[http://​www.freebsd.org/​doc/​en_US.ISO8859-1/​books/​handbook/​ports-using.html|Using the ports system]]
 +
 +== Download ports tree ==
 +
 +<​code>​
 +portsnap fetch
 +portsnap extract
 +</​code>​
 +
 +== Update ports tree ==
 +
 +<​code>​
 +portsnap fetch
 +portsnap update
 +</​code>​
 +
 +== Upgrading packages installed with ports ==
 +
 +List outdated ports:
 +
 +<​code>​
 +pkg_version -v
 +pkg_version -vIL=
 +</​code>​
 +
 +Install portmaster. ​ Portmaster is designed to use the base system of FreeBSD.
 +
 +<​code>​
 +cd /​usr/​ports/​ports-mgmt/​portmaster
 +make install
 +</​code>​
 +
 +List all installed software and search for updates:
 +
 +<​code>​
 +portmaster -L
 +</​code>​
 +
 +Upgrade all ports at once:
 +
 +<​code>​
 +portmaster -a
 +</​code>​
 +
 +Use portmaster to install a package, and upgrade all dependencies if necessary:
 +
 +<​code>​
 +portmaster shells/bash
 +</​code>​
 +
 +== Find the location of a port ==
 +
 +<​code>​
 +whereis name
 +</​code>​
 +
 +<​code>​
 +ls /​usr/​ports/​*/​name
 +</​code>​
 +
 +== Download port distfiles ==
 +
 +<​code>​
 +make fetch
 +</​code>​
 +
 +== Uninstall a port ==
 +
 +<​code>​
 +make deinstall
 +</​code>​
 +
 +== Reinstall a port after it's been built ==
 +
 +<​code>​
 +make reinstall
 +</​code>​
 +
 +== Create a list of all ports ==
 +
 +<​code>​
 +find /usr/ports/ -type d -mindepth 2 -maxdepth 2 | grep -v CVS | grep -v Tools | sed -e '​s/​\/​usr\/​ports\///​g'​ > ~/all-ports
 +</​code>​
 +
 +== List installed packages ==
 +
 +<​code>​
 +pkg_info
 +</​code>​
 +
 +== Update search ports index ==
 +
 +<​code>​
 +cd /usr/ports && make index
 +</​code>​
 +
 +== Search ports ==
 +
 +<​code>​
 +cd /usr/ports
 +make search name=<​name>​
 +make search key=<​key>​
 +</​code>​
 +
 +== Display out of date packages ==
 +
 +<​code>​
 +pkg_version -v
 +</​code>​
 +
 +== Package configuration ==
 +
 +Modify configuration:​
 +
 +<​code>​
 +make config
 +</​code>​
 +
 +Output configuration settings:
 +
 +<​code>​
 +make showconfig
 +</​code>​
 +
 +Reset configuration:​
 +
 +<​code>​
 +make rmconfig
 +</​code>​
 +
 +== Build with default options ==
 +
 +<​code>​
 +make -DBATCH
 +</​code>​
 +
 +== Build with specific options ==
 +
 +<​code>​
 +make -DBATCH -DWITHOUT_FOO -DWITH_BAR
 +</​code>​
 +
 +== Install Kernel Sources ==
 +
 +<​code>​
 +cd /​usr/​ports/​devel/​subversion && make install
 +svn checkout http://​svn.freebsd.org/​base/​stable/​9 /usr/src
 +</​code>​
 +
 +== cron ==
 +
 +Tell cron to check for release updates nightly. ​ The system will send an email if there are any to apply.
 +
 +<​code>​
 +echo "# Security updates"​ >> /​etc/​crontab
 +echo "​@daily root freebsd-update cron" >> /​etc/​crontab
 +</​code>​
 +
 +== Run make clean on all dependencies ==
 +
 +<​code>​
 +make clean-depends
 +</​code>​